The Artistic Way of Programming

12 years back, when I started my formal classes in computer science, the first thing I learnt was “data” means “information”. A few days after that, we started conventional programming, where code and data were treated separately. For example, only data can be passed as the functional arguments. It was difficult for me to digest that “code, which is also information, is not treated as data”. I strongly felt that this will increase complexity of softwares in the long run.

A system does three things – read, transform (processing data), write. In other words – the mathematics (the transform part), and the effect of that in real life (the read/write part). The data transformation is indeed a mathematical concept, and with the help of read and write we make the mathematics (the transform part) useful to the real world. Bringing the “transform” part fully inside mathematical domain has its own benefit of using mathematics without fear (possible errors) for the analysis of the system, making the system more tractable mathematically. The catch is to treat both the elements of transformations, data and functions, equally.

Initially, code used to be bigger than the data, so sending data over the wire was feasible. But with time, data becoming huge, sending code to systems over the wire becomes the need, resting the data on the systems intact. With big data, the need of the hour is to treat the code as data, so that the code can be taken as argument to another meta function on a system having huge data which expects an algorithm for transformations.

Roughly speaking, codes are algorithms, algorithms are mathematical functions, functions are in turn actually look-up tables, i.e. data. Hence with this principle, all codes or functions are data.This is exactly the cornerstone of the functional paradigm. The functional programming is programming with functions, they treat functions and data likewise. Another principle I love, to control complexity, rules should not be complex itself.

Thumb rules rewritten for the functional paradigm:

Read-write and transformations(algorithms) should be separate.
Use immutable variables. Discourage use of reassignment statements.
Discourage side-effects (input/output or changing any variable in-place), every function should ONLY return its expected result.
Use referentially transparent functions (sometimes it is called pure functions) with no side effects, i.e. if x = y, f(x) and f(y) should be same forever.
Unit testing is a must for each function.
One of the main design patterns should be followed is to use expressions instead of instructions, i.e. it should be declarative in nature. Discourage use of loops like for/while – use recursive statements as shown above to calculate sum. Tell computers what needs to be done, not how to do it – it reduces error, especially edge cases.
With the need to control the complexity of the system and the advance design, the design pattern for the functional composition can be made to follow some basic algebraic structures, which in turn becomes more robust.

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Social Media Marketing Strategies To Improve Your Efforts

We all know about Social Media that either makes you a hero or a devil of someone’s life in just a few seconds. It is not only used for the personal communication but also has countless benefits to offer for the growth of your business. Their platforms like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, LinkedIn, Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr and many more are popular for their own reasons, therefore you have to be very attentive while working on them. For this, you just need full proof Social Media Marketing Strategies that accelerate your efforts and give refreshing results. So, take a look at some strategies you can try to improve your efforts in the upcoming year 2017. Create A Plan And Stick To It: If you want to get results from your strategies so the first and foremost thing you need to do is create a plan and stick to it. This is because a plan is a must to execute otherwise things get unorganized and you will never get the results what you actually look for. For this, you don’t need to climb the mountain, just think what your customers want, explore the new opportunities and plan accordingly.

Don’t Get Confused Between It’s Different Channels: Another important thing you need to do is to treat every social media channel as a separate entity and don’t mix match them with each other. This is because every channel has its own features and way of working. Likewise, Facebook is for people you used to know, LinkedIn is for you already know, Twitter is for you want to know and many more to define. The list of its different platform and their hidden objective is limitless and can help you to achieve new heights in your business.

Stay Active: The key to your success depends upon your engagement with your customers. It lets you connect with your target audience and give you the outcomes only if you stay active and update them timely. Your regular post gives your visitors a reason to follow you and stay tuned for you. Always keep in mind creating an account and leave it for months and then suddenly come and post will never give you the results, it only works if you constantly update it. Track And Talk: Last but not the least way to improve your Social Media Marketing Strategies in 2017 is by tracking the record of your customer, their taste, and preference and their feedback. You can even talk with them about all such topics, this may help you to improve yourself and make your customer feel that they actually value for your business.

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New Jeep Wrangler Review

Introduction

The Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is a medium-sized, compact car from the famous SUV manufacturer. Its design roots can be traced back to Willy’s MB and Jeep CJ that used to be produced back in the early days of the SUV. The new Jeep Wrangler models have the traditional toughness you could expect from a Jeep yet gives an entirely refined appearance. The new 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is expected to hit the showrooms later this year. So, let’s give you a run-down of what you can expect from it and what changes are present from its earlier 2016 version as well as what its competitors are up to.

Appearance

The new 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited won’t have a complete shift from its 2016 version that’s for sure since any major design overhaul from the company invites scepticism from the auto lovers. Most of us have been used to the rugged frame, full throttle four-wheel drive and a pair of robust axles and so we can’t expect anything too far-off. But, regarding the new model’s materials used, Jeep is expected to use rendered Aluminium since it will make the car even stronger yet lighter. You can also expect the iconic folded down windscreen as well this time around! Any mechanical changes?

Since Jeep has going on about it a while, we can possibly expect it in the 2017 edition, and that is the small matter of automatic transmission. The 2016 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited had 6-speed manual and 5-speed automatic transmission, and the problem was with the latter since the power breakdown wasn’t enough to cater for the heavy requirements of an off-road vehicle. So, Jeep will increase it to an 8-speed automatic transmission this time around, and this will help improve the accelerator response and fuel efficiency on the go for the new car. Torque is expected to remain unchanged at 260 lb/ft. The same thrilling 4WD experience will also be continued (Like it is ever going to end!)

Fuel Economy

Thanks to the new 8-speed automatic transmission and body frame, the fuel efficiency of 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is expected to increase significantly this time around. It can be as much as 1-2 mpg in manual transmission and 3-4 mpg in the automatic transmission. The car is expected to continue with 87-Octane fuel just like before. They are expected to go up a little bit more than the yearly inflation rates since the change in the transmission and body would require more premium work. Price range from a manual transmission-based two-door Sport model @ $25,000 and a fully loaded Rubicon around $45,000 inclusive of the destination fee that was about $1,000 on its own.

Competitors

Nissan Frontier, Subaru Forester, Toyota Tacoma and Colorado from Chevrolet are just a few of the competitors you can expect to give a tough time to the Jeep’s new and refined monster. But regarding fuel economy and pure thrill, who can come close to this beauty?

When is the release date?

The new 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is expected to release by late 2016 or early 2017 according to carpreview.com.

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Things To Do When Waiting For Exam Results

After your exams, you binge on caffeine, spend sleepless nights and bear a lot of stress. Well, it happens, especially when the result day is close. At times, the stress you have after exams is far intense than the stress you have during exams. There is no doubt that coping with this stress is difficult, but the tips below can help you keep the anxiety at arm’s length.

Move on

No matter what you do, you can’t go back in time to make changes. What is done is done. There is no use of comparing the answers. As a matter fact, doing so will do nothing except adding to your level of anxiety. So, take your time and move on.

Stay away from online forums

After your exams, stay away from online forums until the result announcement day. Although these forums are great places to spend time on, you shouldn’t go there just to see what others have to say about their performance in the exams. Reading the remarks of others about the exams on these online platforms may intensify your stress. Don’t sit idle

What you need to do is keep yourself busy. In other words, if you keep yourself occupied, your mind won’t pay attention to the result day. For instance, you can get a job or join a gym to keep yourself occupied. You can also start a hobby, such as gardening or photography.

Talk to a Friend

Spend time with your close friend and share your worries with them. Keeping it to yourself will only increase your depression. What you need to do is let your worries come out gradually at a certain pace rather than growing it inside you.

Write your worries on paper

In your free time, write you worries down on a piece of paper and then burn it down. While it seems odd, this technique will work wonders and you will feel better.

Sleep Well

Sleeping well is necessary if you want to stay fit both mentally and physically. It will also improve your quality of life. Ideally, you may want to get at least 8 hours of sleep in 24 hours.

Don’t drink

Alcohol can’t help you to stay happy. Instead, you should eat something healthy. You can drink milk or fruit juice, for instance. Be positive

Why should you be optimistic? Well, the biggest benefit of being positive is that it will help you lower your stress level. And this will help you deal with the stress on the result day. The least you can do is smile at others whenever you meet them. According to scientists, when you smile, you release a chemical known as endorphine. The stress hormone called Cortisol is also reduced. Therefore, you can get rid of stress by smiling.

In short, you will find these tips helpful. Keep in mind that stress will have a bad impact on your health. To stay in good shape, what you need to do is keep yourself busy, eat healthy and smile at others.

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3 Affordable Cars for College Graduates and Young Students Living in Philly

Philadelphia, nicknamed Philly, is the fifth-most populous city of America. One of the main reasons of the city’s high population is the large number of students residing in Philly. It has the third-largest student concentration on the East Coast of America. It is home to more than 120,000 students who are enrolled in different universities around the city. There are more than 80 universities, colleges and schools in the region. Also, several young people are enrolled in the oldest university of America, University of Pennsylvania.

Buying a Car with a Limited Budget

As a student studying in Philadelphia, you must think that you should not spend your money on luxurious items. But, it doesn’t mean that you cannot buy a car to make your daily commute comfortable. Also, do not think that you will end up with an old, dilapidated car only. It is a fact that your limited budget will not permit you to buy a luxurious brand new car. But, if you research thoroughly, you will find several new car models that will fit your lifestyle and budget easily. Here are a few affordable car models that a student should consider buying in Philly:

· Nissan Versa

If you want to invest money in a good, reliable and sturdy car, you can consider buying Nissan’s Versa Sedan car. It is ranked as one of the cheapest cars in Philly. Nissan ensures that you become a proud new car owner for around $10,000. It means you can buy a car with the help of your limited budget. It is a great bargain because several new cars are priced around $30,000. The cheapest Versa S version of the car has a powerful engine with 109 horsepower. Its unique halogen headlights provide maximum visibility at night and make sure that you reach home safe.

Before visiting a dealership in Philly, make sure that you register as a Nissan College Grad on the company’s official website. Once you finish the registration process, print the Nissan College Grad Certificate and show it to the dealer for obtaining discounts.

· Hyundai Accent

Critics consider the car as a perennial best seller. You can buy the new Hyundai Accent for $14,745. However, you will be able to reduce the price of the car with the help of Hyundai College Grad Program. The auto manufacturer offers a student incentive program to college graduates and young students of Philly. Hyundai offers a $400 bonus for buying a car in Philly. The dealer will consider the bonus as a part of the down payment amount for buying the car.

Hyundai Accent will quench your thirst for a powerful car because it has a 137 horsepower, 1.6 liter four-cylinder engine. Also, you can make a choice between six-speed manual and six-speed automatic transmissions. The car is a joyful ride for the young generation because it provides a great audio system with six speakers, tilt-steering wheels, dual vanity mirrors and exterior temperature display.

· Kia Rio

Kia Rio is a favorite car among the young generation of America. It is because it offers spacious cabin space and cheaper maintenance costs. The 2017 model was unveiled at the 2016 Paris Auto Show. And, since then, it has captured the attention of car lovers across America. The South Korean manufacturer has packed several features for the tech-savvy students of Philly. It provides rear-camera display to help you park properly at your college. Also, its connection-on-command service UVO will provide you with driving directions and access your favorite apps to help you improve your driving skills. Similar to Hyundai, Kia Motors also offers a student incentive program in Philly. It provides a $400 discount along with other incentives to college graduates and young students.

Buying a new car signifies your entry to adult life. It is an important decision that will have immense consequences on your financial situation. So, do not make a hasty decision. Spend time in finding a car model that suits you. Do not forget to consider different incentive programs that auto manufacturers offer to college graduates and young students of Philly. It will make the car buying process affordable for you.

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